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Generally, smuggling is clandestinely transporting goods or people past a point where it is prohibited, such as out of a building, into a prison, or across an international border, in violation of applicable laws or other regulations. People who smuggle humans are called coyotes.

In Arizona, smuggling is listed in ARS ยง 13-2319.

13-2319. Smuggling; classification; definitions

A. It is unlawful for a person to intentionally engage in the smuggling of human beings for profit or commercial purpose.

B. A violation of this section is a class 4 felony.

C. Notwithstanding subsection B of this section, a violation of this section:

 1. Is a class 2 felony if the human being who is smuggled is under eighteen years of age and is not accompanied by a family member over eighteen years of age or the offense involved the use of a deadly weapon or dangerous instrument.

 2. Is a class 3 felony if the offense involves the use or threatened use of deadly physical force and the person is not eligible for suspension of sentence, probation, pardon or release from confinement on any other basis except pursuant to section 31-233, subsection A or B until the sentence imposed by the court is served, the person is eligible for release pursuant to section 41-1604.07 or the sentence is commuted.

D. Chapter 10 of this title does not apply to a violation of subsection C, paragraph 1 of this section.

E. For the purposes of this section:

 1. “Family member” means the person’s parent, grandparent, sibling or any other person who is related to the person by consanguinity or affinity to the second degree.

 2. “Procurement of transportation” means any participation in or facilitation of transportation and includes:

  (a) Providing services that facilitate transportation including travel arrangement services or money transmission services.

  (b) Providing property that facilitates transportation, including a weapon, a vehicle or other means of transportation or false identification, or selling, leasing, renting or otherwise making available a drop house as defined in section 13-2322.

 3. “Smuggling of human beings” means the transportation, procurement of transportation or use of property or real property by a person or an entity that knows or has reason to know that the person or persons transported or to be transported are not United States citizens, permanent resident aliens or persons otherwise lawfully in this state or have attempted to enter, entered or remained in the United States in violation of law.


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