Generally, robbery is the crime of taking or attempting to take something of value by force or threat of force, and or by putting the victim in fear. At common law, robbery is defined as taking the property of another, with the intent to permanently deprive the person of that property, by means of force or fear. Precise definitions of the offense may vary between jurisdictions. Robbery differs from simple theft in its use of violence.
In Arizona, robbery is listed in ARS § 13-1901 et seq.
In this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:
1. "Force" means any physical act directed against a person as a means of gaining control of property.
2. "In the course of committing" includes any of the defendant's acts beginning with the initiation and extending through the flight from a robbery.
3. "Property of another" means property of another as defined in section 13-1801.
4. "Threat" means a verbal or physical menace of imminent physical injury to a person.
13-1902. Robbery; classification
A. A person commits robbery if in the course of taking any property of another from his person or immediate presence and against his will, such person threatens or uses force against any person with intent either to coerce surrender of property or to prevent resistance to such person taking or retaining property.
B. Robbery is a class 4 felony.
13-1903. Aggravated robbery; classification
A. A person commits aggravated robbery if in the course of committing robbery as defined in section 13-1902, such person is aided by one or more accomplices actually present.
B. Aggravated robbery is a class 3 felony.
13-1904. Armed robbery; classification
A. A person commits armed robbery if, in the course of committing robbery as defined in section 13-1902, such person or an accomplice:
1. Is armed with a deadly weapon or a simulated deadly weapon; or
2. Uses or threatens to use a deadly weapon or dangerous instrument or a simulated deadly weapon.
B. Armed robbery is a class 2 felony.
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