Generally, in the broadest sense, a fraud is an intentional deception made for personal gain or to damage another. Fraud and fraudulent are used synonymously.
While the specific legal definition for fraud varies by jurisdiction, fraud is generally both a crime, and also a tort (a civil wrong). Defrauding people or entities of money or valuables is a common purpose of fraud, but there are also fraudulent “discoveries”, such as in science to gain prestige rather than immediate monetary gain.
Fraud can be committed through many media, including: mail, wire, phone, and the Internet (such as by various computer crimes).
In Arizona, there are several types of criminal fraud which include:
- Fraudulent use of a credit card; classification (ARS § 13-2105).
- Fraud by person authorized to provide goods or services; classification (ARS § 13-2108).
- Defrauding secured creditors; definition; classification (ARS § 13-2204).
- Defrauding judgment creditors; classification (ARS § 13-2205).
- Fraud in insolvency; classification (ARS § 13-2206).
· Fraudulent schemes and artifices; classification; definition (ARS § 13-2310).
· Fraudulent schemes and practices; wilful concealment; classification (ARS § 13-2311).
- And some others.
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